Migraine is a neurological condition causing debilitating headaches. It can be associated with other symptoms as well like- vomiting and nausea, sensitivity to light and sound, dizziness and numbness. The throbbing pain is usually in one side of the head and can affect people of all age. The pain can last for hours and days depending on the severity.
Causes of Migraine
The exact reason of migraine is still unknown but they are said to occur due to changes in the brain or because of genes. When overactive nerve cells sends signal that activates the trigeminal nerve, we start having migraine pain. Trigeminal nerve is responsible for supplying sensation to our head and face.
What can trigger migraine
- Stress is the common reason that triggers migraine. During stress our brain releases certain chemical which can change blood vessels and result in migration pain
- Certain food and beverage like aged cheese, chocolates and alcohol can also lead to migraine.
- Too much intake of caffeine
- Periods in women
- Change in weather
- Not getting enough sleep
Types of Migraine
- Common Migraine- the major chunk of migraine falls under common migraine
- Classic migraine
- Hemiplegic migraine
- Retinal migraine may cause blurry vision or temporary vision loss
- Silent or acephalgic migraine
- Chronic migraine
- Status migrainosus, which lasts for more than 72 hours
Treatment for Migraine
Migraine headaches cannot be cured permanently but certain medicines can help provide relief from the pain or maybe reduce the frequency of migraine attack. Most of the common treatment for migraine includes- pain reliever medicines, preventive medicines, nausea medicines, Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and biofeedback.
Study shows that surgical decompression of the face and neck nerves linked to migraine attack could reduce or maybe eliminate migraine.
Prevention for Migraine
- Migraines can be prevented if you can identify the trigger points causing the pain and avoid those. Like, in case certain food triggers your migraine, avoid eating that food.
- Manage your stress for fewer attacks
- Take preventive medicines in case your periods or change in weather trigger migraine
- Regular exercise can also help prevent migraine
- Certain devices like cefaly also help prevent migraine.